Novel coronavirus COVID-19 which is spreading to the world from mainland China is definitely scaring a lot of people. We prepared for you some FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) to help you understand basics of this disease.
What is Coronavirus?
Coronavirus is named for the spikes, which resemble a crown or the sun’s corona, that protrude from their surfaces. Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that cause diseases in both animals and people. Main symptom in humans is respiratory tract infection that are typically mild, but in rarer forms such as SARS, MERS and new COVID-19 can be lethal.
Where COVID-19 comes from?
After Coronaviruses have infected animals, they can eventually be transmitted to humans.
A wide range of animals is known to be the source of coronaviruses. For instance, the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) originated from camels and the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) originated from civet cats.
What are signs and symptoms?
The incubation period ranges from 1 to 14 days. According to WHO (World Health Organization) is median incubation period from 5 to 6 days and rarely there was cases when incubation period increases to 27 days.
In incubation period infected people mostly don’t manifest any visible signs but they can be infectios and continue to spread the virus.
Most common symptoms (around 80%):
- Difficulty breathing
- Pain in the muscles
Less common symptoms:
- Severe pneumonia
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome
- Septic shock
We are still learning about how COVID-2019 affects people, older persons and persons with pre-existing medical conditions (such as high blood pressure, heart disease, or diabetes) appear to develop serious illness more often than others.
Is there cure for COVID-19?
To this day, there is no specific cure for this Coronavirus.
We only could threat the clinical symptoms of this disease. Supportive care (e.g. supportive therapy and monitoring – oxygen therapy, fluid management and antivirals) can be highly effective for those infected.
WHO (World Health Organization) is currently helping to accelerate research and development efforts with a range or partners to find effectively treat.
Am I at risk of contracting COVID-19 infection?
Coronavirus outbreak is evolving rapidly and the risk assessment is changing accordingly.
How does COVID-19 spread?
The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales. These droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. Other people then catch COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. People can also catch COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets. This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick.
Could I get infected from package or letter sent from China?
No. From previous analysis, we know coronaviruses do not survive long on objects, such as letters or packages.